Cleaning water

Water, Beauty, Fountain, Fall, Summer

60% of the human body consists of water. A person can normally live without air for 3 minutes, water for 3 times, and food for 3 weeks. Obviously water is an excellent necessity for survival. Without some source of clean drinking water you may end up in dire straits. Pure clean water should be used to drink, cook, and wash with, (washing and hygiene dishes/other cooking supplies).

If you are in your home when an emergency situation arises you’ll want to check to see if you have water pressure. If you still have pressure you are going to want to fill up any container you can get your hands on with clean water. If you do not have pressure anymore, don’t fret there is still ways that you can access clean water.

1. Ice cubes in the freezer, and

2.

3. Inside the hot water heater.

Even if the water pressure is off, there is still some water inside the water pipes in your home or apartment. However, you will also have to open the highest cold water faucet in your home to allow air to enter the cold water pipes so the water can flow out the water faucet into your collection container. This will drain all of the water out of your cold water pipes but NOT your hot water pipes.

Most hot water heaters contain 40 gallons of clean water. But BEFORE you can get it you MUST turn off the power or turn off the gas to your hot water heater, or you might start a fire. Then open the faucet at the bottom of the water heater to gain instant access to 40 gallons of reserve clean drinking water. This is sufficient emergency water to last a family of four for 20 days if they simply drink the water and don’t wash with it. This is the BEST source of reserve drinking water for the typical family because it is always being used and replaced inside the hot water heater prior to the emergency. Therefore it will be fresh and clean at the beginning of an emergency. (Note: Some hot water heaters don’t have an easy access water worth at their foundation. Prior to an emergency you should take a look at your hot water heater and determine whether you’re able to get to the water within your heater. If you can’t, then you might consider having a plumber install a normal water faucet value in the water line in the bottom of the hot water heater.)” .

There are many emergency drinking water storage containers like the Water BOB which you can buy and use in case of emergency. It holds up to 100 gallons of water and keeps up it to 4 weeks. The idea is to fill it until the disaster strikes.

How to make sure that your water is safe to drink:

If the water is not coming out of your kitchen faucet you will want to consider it unsafe to drink. Most water that is not coming from the kitchen faucet is infected with disease causing organisms; even if it looks clean.

Boiling Water:

The best way to make sure that all of the contaminants are killed is to boil water.

Water does not need to reach the boiling point to be safe to drink; just needs to reach 185 F (85 C). At this temp nearly all disease causing organisms are destroyed.

If water appears to be cloudy use 16 drops of bleach per gallon. As soon as you’ve added the bleach you will want to wait 1 hour for the bleach to kill all of the tiny organisms. If you can’t detect a faint smell of bleach then you might want to repeat the process by adding in the drops of bleach and waiting another hour. After 2nd hour if you still don’t smell faint bleach smell you will want to discard, since it contains to a lot of contaminants. (If you are stock piling bleach for this purpose remember to not buy too much at a time; bleach only has around 6-9 month shelf life).

Calcium Hypochlorite Granules 68% (Substance used to clean swimming pools):

These granules do not wash as efficiently as boiling water or chlorine bleach. Use pinch of granules into one gallon of water. After adding in the granules you will have to wait 1 hour. Once again if you can smell a faint chlorine smell then it’s safe to drink. If you can not detect a faint smell of chlorine you will want to discard; it’s unsafe to drink.

There are many purification systems which do a fairly effective job at purifying/eliminating contaminants. Typically the problem with purification systems is that they are expensive. One of my favourite water purification methods is the Berkey light. The system is intended for use during travel, outdoor activities, and in unexpected emergencies. The system can purify both treated and untreated raw water from sources such as streams and lakes.

Any disaster, whether big or small, may force us to go days, weeks or even possibly months without Your basic requirements. If you could not have access to them, would you be able to survive? Be prepared!

Any disaster, whether large or small, may force us to go days, weeks or even possibly months without food, water and or electricity. If you couldn’t have access to treated water, would you be able to survive? Be prepared!

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